The aim of this exhibition is to present the results of archaeological research and discoveries related to the Roman age carried out in a particular central-Adriatic valley, that of the River Potenza in the Marche.
Intensive exploration started since 2000 at the initiative of the Department of Archeology at the University of Ghent has brought to light an impressive amount of data that clarifies the impact of Romanization on the landscapes of the Potentine valley.
A large number of new informations concerning the urban planning of the Roman cities located along this important communication corridor between the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea and many new discoveries regarding the consistency of rural settlements and territorial infrastructures (roads, agricultural divisions, cemetery areas …) enrich the previous archaeological record on the basis of research carried out by the Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of the Marche, the University of Macerata, other institutions and individual researchers.
The exhibition intends to emphasize the transformations made by man to the Marche landscape in antiquity and presents the state of the studies on what were the manifestations of cultural interaction between Romans, Piceni and other populations that inhabited this area. In particular, the applications of recently-developed non-invasive survey systems (such as aerial photography, geophysical prospecting, geomorphological surveys) will be explained to show what the advances in archaeological research are and what their potential is for valorisation and the promotion of cultural landscapes, sites and archaeological complexes.
New acquisitions with these innovative methods are integrated with what has been identified through traditional investigation systems, namely excavation, monuments analysis, epigraphic research, historical-artistic analysis conducted on the best-preserved monumental complexes of the valley, as well as the study of statuary, architectural decoration, but also of objects of common use.
The collection of these archaeological evidence of Roman times is a painting of a rich and detailed picture of the character and evolution of this valley of the Marche during Roman domination between 300 AD. C. and 600 d.C.
Particular attention is paid to the coastal city of Potentia, a Roman colony which was founded at the beginning of the 2nd century BC. Its the position at the junction between the valley corridor and the maritime connections was essential for the formation of this ancient Roman landscape.